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By Mehul Singh

Stock is a financial instrument that represents ownership in a company. When individuals buy stock, they become shareholders who can claim its assets and earnings as shareholders. Stocks are commonly traded on stock exchanges such as New York Stock Exchange or NASDAQ.

Common and preferred stocks are two primary categories of shares available to investors, respectively. Common stocks provide shareholders with voting rights in company decisions while preferred shares don't grant voting rights but provide greater priority when it comes to dividend payments or liquidation proceeds.

Investing in stocks can be an excellent way to build wealth over time. Shareholders can take advantage of investing by capital appreciation (when stock price increases) or dividends (payments made out of profits by companies to shareholders).

Investment in stocks comes with risks. Stock prices can be volatile and subject to market fluctuations; economic factors, industry trends, or company-specific events could all have an effect on stock prices. Therefore, investors should conduct extensive research prior to making any decisions and diversify their portfolios to reduce risk.

Stocks represent ownership in a company and allow individuals to contribute towards its expansion and profitability. While investing can bring substantial returns, investors should understand all risks involved as well as carefully analyze market conditions and individual companies before making informed decisions based on such analysis.

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